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Differences between knitted and woven fabrics

Author: Time:2023-05-31 22:53:53click:62次

Information Summary:

At present, most of the fabrics we use are divided into knitted and woven fabrics, but many people are not sure how to distinguish them. Below, Hai Li will introduce the differences between the two to readers.Knitting is the process of using knitting needles to form loops of yarn or filament, and th


At present, most of the fabrics we use are divided into knitted and woven fabrics, but many people are not sure how to distinguish them. Below, Hai Li will introduce the differences between the two to readers.







Knitting is the process of using knitting needles to form loops of yarn or filament, and then stringing the loops together to create a certain degree of elasticity. Swimwear fabrics are all knitted; Shuttle weaving fabric is a type of fabric that is woven by a loom in the form of a shuttle, weaving yarns through the interlaced warp and weft directions. This type of fabric is sturdy, straight, and not easily deformed due to the interlaced warp and weft weaving method.







Knitted and woven fabrics have their own unique characteristics in terms of weaving methods, processing techniques, fabric structure, fabric characteristics, and finished product usage. Here are some comparisons.








(1)




Composition of fabric organization:




(A)




Knitted fabric: It is a process in which the yarns are sequentially bent into coils, and the coils are intertwined to form a fabric. The process of forming the coils of the yarns can be carried out horizontally or vertically. Horizontal weaving is called weft weaving fabric, while vertical weaving is called warp weaving fabric.





(B) Woven fabric: It is a fabric composed of two or more perpendicular yarns interwoven at a 90 degree angle, with longitudinal yarns called warp and transverse yarns called weft.






(2) Basic units of fabric organization:





(A) Knitted fabric: The coil is the smallest basic unit of knitted fabric, and the coil is composed of a loop stem and an extension line in a spatial curve.




(B)




Woven fabric: Each intersection point between warp and weft yarns is called the weave point, which is the smallest basic unit of woven fabric.







(3) Characteristics of fabric organization:




(A) Knitted fabric: It can extend in all directions and has good elasticity, as knitted fabric is formed by hole shaped coils, which has great breathability and a soft feel.




(B)




Shuttle fabric: Due to the small relationship between warp and weft extension and contraction, and no conversion, the fabric is generally relatively tight and quite hard.






(5) Physical and mechanical properties of fabric organization:




(A)




Knitted fabric: The physical and mechanical properties of a fabric, including longitudinal density, transverse density, square meter weight, elongation, elasticity, fracture strength, wear resistance, curling, thickness, detachment, shrinkage, coverage, and bulk density.




(B)




Woven fabric: The physical and mechanical properties of woven fabric, including the yarn density of warp and weft yarns, selvage, front and back, direction of wool and reverse, and fabric coverage.


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